1948 – 1949 Grant from Institut pour la recherche scientifique en Afrique centrale (IRSAC, Brussels) for post-graduate studies in anthropology at the University of London.

1949 – 1959 Recurring research fellowships from l’Institut pour la recherche scientifique en Afrique centrale (IRSAC) for fieldwork in Congo

1965 – 1966 Research grant, African Studies Center, UCLA

1966 – 1967 Faculty research grant, and African Studies Center research grant, UCLA

1967 – 1968 Social Science Council (Joint Committee on African Studies) research grant

1968 Faculty research grant, University of Delaware

1969 – 1970 Last/Teledyne research grant for the writing of a work on Lega art

1971 – 1974 National Endowment for the Humanities grant for Central African art studies

1977 – 1978 S. Kress Foundation grant African Art

1979 – 1980 Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellowship

1980 – 1981 John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship, appointed for a study of the arts and culture of Central Africa

1985 – 1987 National Endowment for the Humanities translation grant to translate the autobiography of the Nyanga sage Sherungu Muriro


  • Laureate of the Concours Annuel (1955) of the Académie royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer (Brussels)
  • Membre correspondant de l’Académie royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer (1958 to now).
  • Conover-Porter Award (1988) African Studies Association
  • Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society
  • Honorary Member, Phi Beta Kappa
  • Lauréat of the NGAMA prize (Lega) from the Symposium International Lega (London 2005) “pour honorer les mérites de toute personne physique ou morale qui, par son engagement ou ses travaux, aura contribué à l’essor du peuple Lega, notamment par la promotion de sa culture et le développement du Bulega”